Leadership and Diversity: The Need for a Theoretical Framework for Nurse Workforce Sustainability

By Shanna Keele.

Published by Change Management: An International Journal

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online: December 28, 2015 $US5.00

Data from the Health Resources and Services Administration Bureau of Health Professionals [HRSA] (2013) reveal 21% of U.S. Registered Nurses (RNs) are minorities, suggesting nurse leaders must incorporate culturally competent leadership styles. While research has established transformational leadership as an appropriate leadership style when working with diverse cultures (Northouse 2010; Masood, Dani, Burns, and Backhouse 2006), nursing literature does not discuss a specific theoretical framework nurse leaders should consider when working with diverse staff, patients, students or faculty. This paper suggests nurse leaders incorporate Leininger’s Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory with transformational leadership to ensure culturally appropriate governance, supported by an accompanying literature review. Suggestions for a culturally competent leadership plan include expanding diversity education, participation in professional organizations and the incorporation of mentoring programs. Evaluation strategies investigating the combined effect of Leininger’s Culture Care Diversity and Universality theory and transformational leadership on leadership governance are presented.

Keywords: Nurses, Nursing, Demography, RN Leadership Theory, U.S. RN Workforce, Employment Sustainability, Cultural Sensitivity, Transformational Leadership, Leininger’s Culture Care Diversity and Universality Theory

Change Management: An International Journal, Volume 15, Issue 4, December 2015, pp.1-11. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: December 28, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 455.346KB)), ISSN: ISSN 2327-798X.

Dr. Shanna Keele

Ph.D Candidate, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Fort Collins, CO, USA

Shanna Keele has an MSN, and is also a board certified Family Nurse Practitioner. She is currently a PhD in Nursing candidate at UNLV in Urban Sustainability: Health with a focus on registered nurse retirement and financial sustainability.