This paper examines knowledge production in the ICT sector in Greece based on patent grants and its relative weight in the international production of knowledge during the period 1988–2010. The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector has become a key element in the new knowledge economy. Its technologies are very pervasive and underpin growth in all sectors of the economy. In the EU, the USA, and Japan, the ICT sector is by far the largest R&D-investing sector of the economy. In 2007, while the ICT sector represented 4.8% of GDP and 3% of total employment in the EU, it accounted for 25% of overall business expenditure in R&D and employed 33% of all business sector researchers. Based on these facts, what has Greece done so far in this domain? This study presents a general overview of knowledge production in the ICT sector in Greece, mainly based on its internal patent activity in this domain. In this context this study, focusing on the technological sub-class level of analysis, presents the technological and economic content of those sub-classes, highlighting this way both important and pervasive ICT technologies and dynamic industrial sectors for the their development. Depending on the results, this analysis could add to the discussion on what Greece needs to do in order to improve its competitiveness at the international level.
|Keywords:||Greece, Information and Communication Technologies, Knowledge Production, Patents|
Temporary Lecturer, Scientific Associate, Department of Economics, School of Business and Management, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Technological Education Institute of Larissa, Larissa, Greece