European Country Contextual Differences Impacting Job Quality Characteristics and Worker Satisfaction: A Look at France and Germany from 1997 to 2005

By Jonathan H. Westover, Trista Doxey and Michelle Spencer.

Published by Organizational Cultures: An International Journal

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Prior research has indicated that the nature of work has changed dramatically in recent years in response to economic shifts and an increasingly global economy. In this study, we used non-panel longitudinal data from the International Social Survey Program (Work Orientations II and III: 1997 and 2005—survey questions on job characteristics and job quality) to examine the changing job quality and job satisfaction determinants in two European countries, France and West Germany, while exploring the country contextual and cultural shifts that impacted this change. We used a comparative international methodology to examine similarities and differences between France and West Germany from 1997 to 2005. We used a variety of bivariate and multivariate descriptive statistics and procedures, as well as ordinary least squares and ordered probit regression analysis, to explore variations across the two countries to examine the conditions that exist in France and Germany that may affect the satisfaction of workers within those two countries. To move beyond the existing research of social psychologists and organizational behavior researchers, we utilized descriptive country level comparative data to include important macro-crossnational factors that may directly influence working conditions and the perceptions of workers.

Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Work Quality, France, Germany, Country Contextual Factors

Organizational Cultures: An International Journal, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp.1-17. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 445.425KB).

Dr. Jonathan H. Westover

Assistant Professor of Business, Woodbury School of Business, Utah Valley University, Lehi, Utah, USA

Dr. Jonathan H. Westover is an assistant professor of business at Utah Valley University. He received a Doctor of Philosophy degree in sociology (sociology of work and organizations; comparative international sociology) from the University of Utah. Additionally, he received a Master of Public Administration degree with an emphasis in human resource management and organizational behavior from the Marriott School of Management at Brigham Young University. His ongoing research examines issues of global development, work-quality characteristics, and the determinants of job satisfaction cross-nationally.

Trista Doxey

Student, Woodbury School of Business, Utah Valley University, Orem, Utah, USA

Michelle Spencer

Student, Woodbury School of Business, Utah Valley University, USA