The importance of knowledge and organizational learning within the clusters has become the focus of considerable attention in the recent literature. This paper investigates the interactive links between Knowledge Management KM, organizational learning and clusters. In fact, the theoretical analysis shows that the knowledge management may play an important role in the cluster through the organizational learning. This can be concretized in the noticeable conversion between on the one hand the three strategic objectives of KM approach namely knowledge capitalization, sharing and creation and on the other hand the different knowledge creation mechanisms in the cluster mainly the collaborative inter-organizational relations.
Moreover, the different kind of organizational learning perceived in the cluster mainly the learning by monitoring, by doing and collective can be stimulated through the action aiming to the development of the four knowledge conversion modes (Socialization, Externalisation, Combination and Internalization). Finally the knowledge management can be drawn as an open and interactive system stimulating not only the individual and organizational learning but also the creativity of the cluster firms.
|Keywords:||Knowledge Management, Knowledge Creation, Cluster, Organizational Learning|
Research Student and Temporary Lecturer, CRIISEA University Amiens, France
Professor in Management Sciences, PRISM-ISO University Paris, Paris, France
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