Human Resource Disclosure: Practice and Influences in the Libyan Oil Industry

By Fathi F. Zubek and Ian Lovegrove.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper provides the first longitudinal study of human resource (HR) disclosure practices in the Libyan oil industry, along with the factors that affect such disclosures. Drawing on 197 annual reports from the oil companies, ranging from 1996-2005, a content analysis process was used to determine both the extent and content of the disclosure made by the organisations. Libya has its own unique system of governance and social norms, yet the results indicated that, for the oil companies sampled, they all disclosed information relating to the human resource. Variations existed, although in the main, HR disclosure was presented in quantitative form, whilst the most frequently reported area was ‘training programmes’. Throughout the reports the analysis found no evidence relating to the disclosure of “consultation with employees” or for “employment of disabled people”.

To test what influenced HR disclosure in the Libya oil industry five factors were employed: a company’s size, age; ownership, activity and its location. Results showed that ownership, the company’s age and its location all had a significant and positive influence HR disclosure practices. Rather surprisingly, the size of company seemed not to influence the practice of HR disclosure in the Libya oil industry. Recommendations are provided from the improvement of HR disclosure in Libya and for future research which will investigate disclosure in other Middle Eastern states.

Keywords: Human Resource Disclosure, Libyan Oil Industry, CSR

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 9, Issue 7, pp.1-14. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.276MB).

Dr. Fathi F. Zubek

Lecturer, Faculty of Economic, Elmergib University (Libya), Khamis, Elmergib, Libya

Dr. Fathi Zubek is a lecturer in the Faculty of Economic at the Elmergib University (Libya). He has a Masters degree in Accounting from Garunis University, Benghazi, Libya, and PhD degree from Liverpool John Moores University, where he worked within Liverpool Business School.

Dr. Ian Lovegrove

Principal Lecture, Liverpool Business School, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK

Dr. Ian Lovegrove is a Principal Lecture in Liverpool Business School, where he has taught for the past eleven years. Ian holds a PhD and a masters degree in HRM, from the School of Management, UMIST. He also has a masters degree in Educational Research from Lancaster University and is a qualified teacher. His main interest are the human resource and organisational behaviour, particularly the area of leadership.


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