This paper reviews the concept of capability at different levels ranging from organisational capability to individual capability. The commonalities and differences of researchers’ perspectives on the concept among different fields are explained. The goal of this review is to develop a framework for evaluating the capability impact and capability utilisation of individuals. The methodology involved the consultation of multi disciplinary literature on the capability definitions and uses. The review compares and contrasts these definitions and uses of capabilities over the past twenty years. Three conclusions are drawn in this paper: Firstly, capability is a widely used concept across the studied disciplines but a clear definition of its structure has not been found. Secondly despite the variations in the definitions and purposes of usage and classifications, it is inferred that the principles of the concept are common to different fields. Thirdly, capability can be defined in potential and applied levels. Applied capability which is the main focus of this research, comprises elements of enablers, moderators and performance in conducting a task. Capability as defined with the above elements can be presented in a quantitative format and be used to evaluate impact of one’s capability in a specific task. The major implications of this study are: the use of transferring knowledge across disciplines in formation of a concept, the provision of a platform for evaluating applied capability in individuals, and development of two indices which can give a clear advantage in optimised fitting of individuals to a given task.
|Keywords:||Capability Evaluation, Cross-Disciplinary Study|
PhD Student, School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK
Lecturer, School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, London, Middlesex, UK
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