Depression and Cognitive Distortion among Juvenile Delinquents: Implications to Rehabilitation

By Rohany Nasir, Zainah Ahmad Zamani, Rozainee Khairuddin and Fatimah Yusooff.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study aimed to look at depression and cognitive distortion among juvenile delinquents in Malaysia. A total of 316 juvenile delinquents, 164 male and 152 female between 12 and 18 years of age who were undergoing rehabilitation in four rehabilitation centers and two prisons for juvenile delinquents were subjects of this study. A set of questionnaires were used: questions on the biographic characteristics, Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS) to measure depression and Briere’s Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) to measure cognitive distortion. Results of this study showed that there was a positive significant correlation between depression and cognitive distortion. Results also indicated that there was a positive significant correlation between cognitive distortion and all the five dimensions of cognitive distortion: self-critique, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and preoccupation with danger. Counseling intervention approach by the management of the rehabilitation centers is discussed in the paper.

Keywords: Cognitive Distortion, Depression, Juvenile Delinquents, Counseling, rehabilitation

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 10, Issue 8, pp.115-122. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 606.521KB).

Prof. Rohany Nasir

Lecturer, School of Psychology and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Professor Dr Rohany Nasir is a professor in counseling psychology. She is very much involved in research, teaching, writing and practice of counseling. Her interest is in career counseling, couple and family counseling, gender issues and group interventions/work. She had been involved in various research projects focusing on gender issues, career counseling, juvenile delinquents, adolescents and family issues.

Assoc. Prof. Zainah Ahmad Zamani

Associate Professor/Lecturer, School of Psychology and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

I am a lecturer in the field of counseling psychology. I am involved in research, teaching and the practice of counseling. My research focus is organizational counseling, career counseling and family counseling. I have conducted research on gender issues, adolescents and drug abuse, organizational counseling and family issues.

Dr. Rozainee Khairuddin

Lecturer, School of Psychology and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

I am very much involved in research on cognition which is my area of specialization. Being in a research university I do a lot of research and my focus is mainly on dementia, adolescents and certain gender issues.

Dr. Fatimah Yusooff

Associate Professor/Lecturer, School of Psychology and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Being in a research university I am involved in research. My research interests are family counseling, marriage counseling and multicultural counseling.

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