The music recording Industry exhibited minimal, slow, gradual change in the first century. The last fifty years has shown a more rapid acceleration paralleling the quickening technological change.
At the end of the nineteenth century, Thomas Edison invented the cylindrical recording machine which was eminently suited to the reproduction of Enrico Caruso’s tenor voice. The Carter Family took advantage of enhanced recording capabiities to produce a series of phonograph records which used high power AM radio located ust over the U. S. border in Mexico to blanket the USA and Canada between the Rockies and the Apalachians in the evenings during the 1920s and 1930s.
After World War II, Les Paul and Mary Ford produced the first multi-track recordings for which Paul was admitted into the Inventors Hall of Fame. These techniques were further developed in the 1960s with digital recorded Phil Spector’s “Wall of Sound”. Roger Mcguinn started to use the internet and home music recording capabilities in the early 1990s. The Icelandic star, Bjork, took these techniques a step further with avant-garde music composition using digitized artificial instruments. The future of these technologies will be analyzed using sophisticated computer Social Network Analysis to predict the role of the major music recording companies vis-a-vis internet piracy and the increasing importance of Apple Itunes.
|Keywords:||Music Recording Industry, Thomas Edison, Enrico Caruso, Carter Family, Les Paul and Mary Ford, Phil Spector, Roger McGuinn, Bjork, Sony, EMI, BMG, Warner, Social Network Analysis|
Associate Professor of Management, School of Business, Providence College, Providence, RI, USA
Doctoral Student, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Assistant Professor of Entrepreneurship, Davis College of Business, Jacksonville University, Jacksonville, FL, USA
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