The One Hundred Fifty Years of Change in the Music Recording Industry: An Historical and Social Network Analysis

By Peter Spang Goodrich, Stan Renard and Nancy Rossiter.

Published by The Organization Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The music recording Industry exhibited minimal, slow, gradual change in the first century. The last fifty years has shown a more rapid acceleration paralleling the quickening technological change.
At the end of the nineteenth century, Thomas Edison invented the cylindrical recording machine which was eminently suited to the reproduction of Enrico Caruso’s tenor voice. The Carter Family took advantage of enhanced recording capabiities to produce a series of phonograph records which used high power AM radio located ust over the U. S. border in Mexico to blanket the USA and Canada between the Rockies and the Apalachians in the evenings during the 1920s and 1930s.
After World War II, Les Paul and Mary Ford produced the first multi-track recordings for which Paul was admitted into the Inventors Hall of Fame. These techniques were further developed in the 1960s with digital recorded Phil Spector’s “Wall of Sound”. Roger Mcguinn started to use the internet and home music recording capabilities in the early 1990s. The Icelandic star, Bjork, took these techniques a step further with avant-garde music composition using digitized artificial instruments. The future of these technologies will be analyzed using sophisticated computer Social Network Analysis to predict the role of the major music recording companies vis-a-vis internet piracy and the increasing importance of Apple Itunes.

Keywords: Music Recording Industry, Thomas Edison, Enrico Caruso, Carter Family, Les Paul and Mary Ford, Phil Spector, Roger McGuinn, Bjork, Sony, EMI, BMG, Warner, Social Network Analysis

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp.151-162. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.168MB).

Dr. Peter Spang Goodrich

Associate Professor of Management, School of Business, Providence College, Providence, RI, USA

Peter Spang Goodrich, Ph.D., CMA, is an associate professor in the Providence College School of Business. He studies entrepreneurship in the folk music industry. He has taught at Providence College since 1983. Prior to that, he lived in England from 1972 to 1982 studying for his Ph. D. at the University of Manchester and teaching for the University of Maryland, Boston University, and the University of Leeds. After graduating from Georgetown University in 1966, he served as a combat pilot for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command. While on active duty, he earned an MBA from Western New England College. After an honorable discharge in 1971, he obtained an MA from the University of Maryland. He served in the the Maryland National Guard and USAF Reserve (USAFE) from 1971-1980

Dr. Stan Renard

Doctoral Student, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

Stan Renard, D.B.A., recently completed his doctoral dissertation “Unbundling the Supply Chain for the International Music Industry” at Southern New Hampshire University, in Manchester, NH where he has served as an adjunct faculty from 2006 to 2009. Stan also holds two Masters in Music from the Versailles Conservatory, France and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst as well as an MBA from Providence College. Stan is the musical director of the Bohemian Quartet and the ensemble NOVA Musica which is in residence at the University of Connecticut, Storrs where he is completing a second doctorate in music performance. Stan has made Romany music and the music business his areas of expertise.

Dr. Nancy Rossiter

Assistant Professor of Entrepreneurship, Davis College of Business, Jacksonville University, Jacksonville, FL, USA

Professor of Entrpreneurship, Jacksonville University


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