Distributed Leadership for School Improvement: Its Advantages and Difficulties in the Implementation Process

By Ashiq Hussain and Naseer Ahmad Salfi.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This is a conceptual and theoretical paper that aims to examine the advantages and benefits of distributed forms of leadership for school improvement. In addition, it examines the difficulties and barriers that make the distributed leadership difficult to implement in schools. This paper is based on the review of different theoretical and empirical studies related to leadership and school effectiveness and school improvement. The evidences from literature indicate that distributed leadership has a significant effect on school effectiveness and school improvement. It has positive effect on students’ outcomes and the distribution of leadership sources throughout the school community more likely improve the students’ learning outcomes. It has also positive effect on teachers’ self-efficacy and levels of morale and enhances the satisfaction of teachers. The morale level of teachers improved where teachers frequently involved in decision making related to the school development and improvement. The main difficulties and barriers with distributed leadership are: hierarchical norms, leaders’ expectations and attitudes, difficulties connected with evaluation and ambiguities surrounding the evaluation process. These difficulties may be overcome with the combination of strong interpersonal skills on the part of the ‘teacher leader’ and a school culture that encourages change and leadership from teachers.

Keywords: Leadership, Distributed Leadership, School Improvement, Advantages and Benefits, Difficulties and Barriers

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp.195-206. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 820.889KB).

Ashiq Hussain

Executive District Officer for Literacy, Department of Education, Government of the Punjab, Ninkana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan

Dr. Ashiq Hussain has been serving as Executive District Officer Literacy in District Nankana Sahib, Punjab-Pakistan. Recently, he is awarded the degree of PhD in Education by the University of Education, Lahore-Pakistan. He has earned his M.A in Urdu, Political Science and Education. The researcher has also done his M.Phil in Iqbal Studies. He has served against different administrative posts like, AEO, Headteacher in High Schools and the District Coordinator Officer for AIOU. He has published eight research papers in international and national reputed journals.

Dr. Naseer Ahmad Salfi

Headmaster, Ministry of Education, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Naseer Ahmad Salfi is pursuing his PhD in Education from the University of Education Lahore-Pakistan. He has earned his Master in Education from the University of the Punjab with distinction. Presently, he is working as a headmaster in a Secondary School. He has published six research papers in national and international reputed journals.


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