Is Triple Helix Innovation Possible in Macedonia?
Macedonia is experiencing constrains in relation to science, technology and innovation policies which are similar to those of other South Eastern European countries since gaining independence. The country needs a holistic approach to research and development (R&D) issues and human capital creation in order to align its scientific and research target policies with the ones set in the EU’s Lisbon strategy 2020 (augmenting the R&D part in the nation’s GDP up to 3%).
At the beginning, this paper gives a brief overview of the triple helix model of innovation. It also provides for a critical analysis of the Macedonian reality in terms of innovation. More specifically, the paper analyzes data on R&D in the private and public sector and the number of innovative activities measured by patents field and granted in Macedonia. It also examines the relations between the academia and the business sector, and the role of the public sector and the government in initiating the whole process of innovation.
Whether, and to what extent, new hybrid forms of triple helix are emerging in Macedonia so as to shape the creation and the development of a national policy matrix for innovation is a question that asks for joint theoretical and empirical inquiry. This paper will feature the results of a survey conducted over 50 Macedonian technology firms. The empirical data complement the theoretical observations of the authors of this paper.
The focus of this paper is to shed light on the possible patterns of old and new organizational forms of university – industry partnership in order to entice creation of a sustainable innovation model in Macedonia.
||Triple Helix Innovation, Technology Transfer, Human Capital, Knowledge Management
International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp.221-234.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.598MB).
Senior researcher, International Business and International Intellectual Property Law, Technology Law, Human Capital, Center for Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer, Skopje, Macedonia
Mirjana Stankovic currently works at the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Macedonia. In the past, Stankovic was a Visiting Scholar at Duke Public Policy Institute, Center for International Development for
the academic year 2010/2011. For her research at Duke, she won the World Bank Robert McNamara fellowship. Stankovic is also a Ph.D. candidate in Development Economics at the Economic Institute, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje. Since 2012, she has been a lead researcher on IP, technology transfer and human capital matters at the Center for IP and Technology Transfer, Skopje, Macedonia. (www.ciptt.org). Her research activities aim towards creating feasible public policy proposals with respect to intellectual property
and technology transfer issues. In the past she was a Fulbright fellow and a Visiting Scholar at Duke University School of Law conducting research on legal aspects of technology transfer as a factor for economic growth of developing countries with a focus on Macedonia. She holds an LLM in International Business Law from the Central European University, Budapest, Hungary and an LLM (Magna cum laude) in International Intellectual Property Law from Chicago Kent College of Law, IIT. Stankovic is a winner of two CALI 2010 awards in International IP Seminar and International Trademark Law.
Professor of Law, Center for Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer, Skopje, Macedonia
Dr. Bratislav Stankovic is a registered US Patent Attorney. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Biological Sciences from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, a J.D. degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and a M.Sc. degree from the University of Novi Sad. Dr. Stankovic is admitted to practice law in Illinois and in Wisconsin, teaches Patent Law at Loyola University Chicago, and has practiced at one of the largest IP law firms in the USA, Brinks Hofer Gilson & Lione in Chicago. He serves as a Science and Technology Advisor to the President of Macedonia Dr. Gjorge Ivanov. His experience includes intellectual asset management, innovation management and strategy, patent prosecution, and counseling in the fields of biotechnology, biochemistry, bioengineering, nanobiology, and pharmaceuticals. He is a recipient of two U.S. Fulbright Scholarships for IP Law. Dr. Stankovic writes and teaches on patent law, biotechnology, research ethics and bioethics, law and medicine, economic development, and on molecular, plant, and space biology. He has over 20 years of experience as a scientist, including 5 years as a Chief Scientist at the NASA-funded Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Robotics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he was the principal investigator for experiments on the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station. Dr. Stankovic teaches Patent Law in the joint University of Strasbourg-University Ss. Cyril & Methodius LL.M program in Intellectual Property Law.
Professor of Financial Management and Director, Economic Institute, University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia
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