The Impact of 4-Meta Strategy on Essay Writing

By Saemah Rahman, Shahlan Surat, Zuria Mahmud and Ruhizan M. Yasin.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

It is hypothesised that the use of metacognitive strategies will improve academic achievement of students. A teaching strategy called 4-META strategy has been developed on the basis of a metacognitive approach that is designed to improve the quality of writing of students. This study investigated the impact of the 4-META strategy on the quality of essay writing among form four students (ages 14– 15) in the Malaysian Education system. This study used a quasi experimental nonequivalent control group design. A total of 136 secondary students from three schools (two classes from each school) participated in this study. One class from each school were randomly assigned to either a treatment group (n=65) or a control group (n=71). The treatment group received the 4-META strategy, focusing on the use of four techniques to help them in the process of writing an essay. The results of the ANCOVA revealed that there was a statistically significant difference in the post-test score [F (1,133)=96.25, p=0.000, η2=0.420] between the treatment and control groups. The study provided evidence on the usefulness of metacognitive strategies in improving students’ performance in writing. It is suggested that further research adopt 4-META strategy approach in other subjects to identify the usefulness of the strategy across the discipline.

Keywords: Metacognitive Strategies, Metacognitive Knowledge, Regulation of Cognition, Meta-Attention, Metacognitive Reflection

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp.367-374. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 805.301KB).

Prof. Saemah Rahman

Lecturer, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Saemah Rahman is an Associate Professor in Educational Psychology at Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Shahlan Surat

Lecturer, IPG Kampus Bahasa Melayu, Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory, Malaysia

Shahlan Surat is a PhD student at Faculty of Education, UKM.

Prof. Dr. Zuria Mahmud

Professor, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

I am currently teaching at the Faculty of Education, National University of Malaysia. My fields of specialization are counseling Education and Supervision. Besides teaching and supervision, I am also active in research and publication. My works focus on issues related to counseling practice and training. I am married and blessed with three girls.

Assoc. Prof. Ruhizan M. Yasin

Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Ruhizan Mohammad Yasin is an Associate Professor in Science, Technology and Vocational Education specialized in Curriculum and Evaluation. Her research interest is in sustainable education through curriculum design and implementation and Work place (Based) Learning. She has worked with several overseas universities (University of Bremen, and Duisburg, Germany, Beijing Union University, ROC, and University of Limerick, Ireland) in collaborative research and project of “Design and Implementation of Curriculum on Curriculum Development (DCCD)” for Technical-Vocational Education and Training, funded by the European Union – ASIA Link programme. She has served the university as the Deputy Dean and the Department Head in the Faculty of Education.


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