Management of Egyptian Non-Goverment Organizations

By Mary Ayad.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The results of this study of Egyptian nongovernmental organizations (hereinafter ‘NGO’s) are an outcome of a survey of local Egyptian NGO case studies by the author analyzing the challenges that NGOs face through the grounded theory method. It was found that under the Mubarak regime that the legislation regulating NGOs was purposefully restrictive. It was further found that there was a direct correlation between high capacity and less restriction. The author submits that the data* supporting this article and the foregoing analysis and reforms have been made more relevant as a result of the recent Egyptian Democratic Revolution of 2011. This means that the more competent and adept Egyptian NGOs** become in terms of strategic and participatory management, the more that the NGOs can function and particularly to counter the legal and political legislation and bring about change, making them an invaluable asset for future democratic and legal reforms therein. Limited capacity in terms of strategic and participatory management is tantamount to less capability in dealing with the larger legal framework when it is restrictive. The analysis of the challenges NGOs face cannot be seen in a vacuum; the author submits that the current reforms occurring in the Egyptian legislative framework must extend to NGO Laws. With the easing of undue restrictions overall in Egyptian laws, the work of Egyptian NGOs will increase as the recognition of the value and effectiveness of civil society participation expands in Egyptian consciousness. The author proposes recommendations and amendments to the law in order to facilitate increased NGO capacity.

Keywords: Management, Strategic Participatory Planning, Civil Society, Egypt, NGOs, Non Government Organisations, Developing Countries, Culture, Egyptian Democratic Revolution of 2011

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp.79-94. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.578MB).

Mary Ayad

PhD Researcher, Department of Business Law, Department of Corporate Governance and Accounting, Macquarie University, Marsfield, New South Wales, Australia

Miss Mary Boulos Ayad is a Phd Candidate at Macquarie University, completing a dissertation on the highly complex, technical and specialised areas of International Commercial Arbitration and International Investment Arbitration Law particularly in the MENA context. Miss Ayad has received a highly distinguished prize from European institutions for her research in the area of International Arbitration. Miss Ayad is also a lecturer at Macquarie University, teaching postgraduate law courses and undergraduate upper division courses in sustainable development. Miss Ayad has lived and researched extensively in Europe and the Middle East and North Africa, working for the United Nations UNHCR Field Office in Cairo whilst undertaking research for her first Masters Degree through the School for International Training in Vermont in Intercultural Relations in International Management in her capacity as an American University in Cairo Research Fellow. She also engaged in pre-doctoral research at Georgetown University’s Library in the Doha, Qatar Campus before coming to Australia. Miss Ayad also holds a second Masters degree in International Human Rights Law and Democratisation in the Mediterranean from the University of Malta and a Bachelors degree of Political Science from the University of Colorado. Miss Ayad’s expertise in field research, intercultural relations and international law are a result of her education, travel experiences and background. She has recently jointly co-authored with Mr. Stephen J. Keim, SC and President of Australia Lawyers for Human Rights (ALHR) regarding the Egyptian Constitution in light of the Egyptian Revolution, as well as a co-jointly written recent case comment on Australia’s High Court decision concerning Tax Law and the implications of the case thereof to free speech. Specialties, She has also recently written three investor briefing articles, for Global Arbitration Review and ACICA regarding Egypt’s changed legal, country, political and adjudicatory risk in light of the recent events. She has also recently been an expert member of a three-member expert panel which discussed the implications of the recent political events in the Middle East live. Miss Ayad has published seventeen articles in learned journals, and five articles in other publications, with a total of 22 articles written.


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