Creativity and Entrepreneurship: A Case Study of the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra (HKPO)

By Patrick Lo.

Published by The Organization Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra (HKPO) has been a trailblazer in HK's cultural scene for more than 50 years, providing an excellent example of successful joint collaboration between the Urban Council the Government and the private sector. However, despite of the past successes, there has been an increased need for the Orchestra for innovations to cope with the recent societal changes, owing to the rapidly changing economies, living, and consumption patterns in Hong Kong. These innovations include marketing strategies, educational, outreach programmes, as well as the packaging of cultural products, etc. The HKPO has responded to these challenges on several different levels.

This paper seeks to:

(a) explains and analyses these responses, and assess the HKPO's success in continuing to contribute positively to Hong Kong's cultural and social life.

(b) examines the history and development of HKPO, including how they have changed from an amateur to a professional organization and their current situation.

(c) examines in detail how the manner in which the public views culture has changed. Emphasis is placed on the changing environment, in which HKPO as an cultural organization must function and change to adopt. These social changes have resulted in new challenges, which all cultural organizations including HKPO must face. The blurring of the distinction between high and popular culture, the demand by the audience to be entertained, and the increase in knowledge of world culture had dramatically changed the ability of HKPO to dictate to their audience their own definition of art and the appropriate manner in which it should be presented.

(d) discusses the impact on HKPO’s non-profit status and the resulting pressure to raise funds, as well as to outreach a larger group of audience. It also discusses the diffusion of innovation model and how it affects HKPO’s marketing communications and strategies.

Keywords: Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra, Symphony Orchestras – Hong Kong, Management Symphony Orchestra, Cultural Policies Symphony Orchestra – Funding

The International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp.93-106. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 686.328KB).

Dr. Patrick Lo

Cataloguing Librarian, Assistant Librarian, Cataloguing Section, Lingnan University Library, Hong Kong

Mr. Lo is currently a candidate of Doctor of Education (EdD), at Bristol University (UK). He has a Master of Arts in Design Management (MA) from Hong Kong Polytechnic University (2004), a Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) from McGill University (Canada; 1994), and a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) from Mount Allison University, (Canada; 1992). Mr Lo is efficient in: Cantonese Chinese, Mandarin Chinese (Putunghua), English and German. 1996-2007, Mr Lo was serving as Cataloguing Librarian at Lingnan University Library (Hong Kong). 2003-06, Mr. Lo was also serving as the Coordinator of the Library as Cultural Centre activities at Lingnan University Library. Mr. Lo's professional affiliations include the following: (1) 1999-2006 - Secretary of JULAC-HKCAN (Hong Kong Chinese Name Authority) Workgroup. (2) 1993-2006 - Representative of Lingnan University Library (Hong Kong) for the Hong Kong JULAC-BSC (Bibliographic Services Committee). (3) 2004 - present - Member of CALIS (China Academic Library and Information System) Unicat Expert Group. Mr. Lo has presented close to 40 research papers and project reports focusing on humanities, education, and library science at different local and international workgroup meetings, seminars, conferences, including: Mainland China, Hong Kong, Germany, Austria, France, Italy, Japan, United States, Korea, and Sweden; including presenting at: (1) The Library of Congress (U.S.), (2) Austrian National Library (Vienna), (3) University of Vienna, (4) National Library of France (Paris), (5) National Institute of Informatics (Japan), etc. Mr. Lo’s recent professional activity includes presenting “Using Outsource Data of Digital Resources in Creating Our Own Bibliographic Records: Lingnan University Library’s Experience in Converting Naxos Music Library and Spoken Word Library Online Titles to MARC Records” at the 72nd IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) Conference in Seoul, Korea, in August 2006: Mr. Lo's research interests include: latest developments of Metadata, Chinese authority works, and cataloguing among Chinese libraries in Asia and North America; exploring potentials for resources sharing among Chinese libraries in Asia; future development and enhancement of bibliographic records; users’ interaction with the online catalogue; Western classical music, especially Italian operas, vocal music of German Post-Romantic period, Lieder (German art songs), etc. Award(s): Most Active Presenter Award of HKIUG (Hong Kong Innovative Users Group) Annual Meeting in December 2006. Recent Activity: serving as Reporter of Recent Serials Publications in China of Fontes Artis Musicae Journal.


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