Creativity and Entrepreneurship: A Case Study of the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra (HKPO)
The Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra (HKPO) has been a trailblazer in HK's cultural scene for more than 50 years, providing an excellent example of successful joint collaboration between the Urban Council the Government and the private sector. However, despite of the past successes, there has been an increased need for the Orchestra for innovations to cope with the recent societal changes, owing to the rapidly changing economies, living, and consumption patterns in Hong Kong. These innovations include marketing strategies, educational, outreach programmes, as well as the packaging of cultural products, etc. The HKPO has responded to these challenges on several different levels.
This paper seeks to:
(a) explains and analyses these responses, and assess the HKPO's success in continuing to contribute positively to Hong Kong's cultural and social life.
(b) examines the history and development of HKPO, including how they have changed from an amateur to a professional organization and their current situation.
(c) examines in detail how the manner in which the public views culture has changed. Emphasis is placed on the changing environment, in which HKPO as an cultural organization must function and change to adopt. These social changes have resulted in new challenges, which all cultural organizations including HKPO must face. The blurring of the distinction between high and popular culture, the demand by the audience to be entertained, and the increase in knowledge of world culture had dramatically changed the ability of HKPO to dictate to their audience their own definition of art and the appropriate manner in which it should be presented.
(d) discusses the impact on HKPO’s non-profit status and the resulting pressure to raise funds, as well as to outreach a larger group of audience. It also discusses the diffusion of innovation model and how it affects HKPO’s marketing communications and strategies.
||Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra, Symphony Orchestras – Hong Kong, Management Symphony Orchestra, Cultural Policies Symphony Orchestra – Funding
The International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp.93-106.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 686.328KB).
Cataloguing Librarian, Assistant Librarian, Cataloguing Section, Lingnan University Library, Hong Kong
Mr. Lo is currently a candidate of Doctor of Education
(EdD), at Bristol University (UK). He has a Master of Arts
in Design Management (MA) from Hong Kong Polytechnic
University (2004), a Master of Library and Information
Science (MLIS) from McGill University (Canada; 1994), and a
Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) from Mount Allison University,
(Canada; 1992). Mr Lo is efficient in: Cantonese Chinese,
Mandarin Chinese (Putunghua), English and German. 1996-2007,
Mr Lo was serving as Cataloguing Librarian at Lingnan
University Library (Hong Kong). 2003-06, Mr. Lo was also
serving as the Coordinator of the Library as Cultural Centre
activities at Lingnan University Library. Mr. Lo's
professional affiliations include the following:
(1) 1999-2006 - Secretary of JULAC-HKCAN (Hong Kong Chinese
Name Authority) Workgroup.
(2) 1993-2006 - Representative of Lingnan University Library
(Hong Kong) for the Hong Kong JULAC-BSC (Bibliographic
(3) 2004 - present - Member of CALIS (China Academic Library
and Information System) Unicat Expert Group.
Mr. Lo has presented close to 40 research papers and project
reports focusing on humanities, education, and library
science at different local and international workgroup
meetings, seminars, conferences, including: Mainland China,
Hong Kong, Germany, Austria, France, Italy, Japan, United
States, Korea, and Sweden; including presenting at:
(1) The Library of Congress (U.S.),
(2) Austrian National Library (Vienna),
(3) University of Vienna,
(4) National Library of France (Paris),
(5) National Institute of Informatics (Japan), etc.
Mr. Lo’s recent professional activity includes presenting
“Using Outsource Data of Digital Resources in Creating Our
Own Bibliographic Records: Lingnan University Library’s
Experience in Converting Naxos Music Library and Spoken Word
Library Online Titles to MARC Records” at the 72nd IFLA
(International Federation of Library Associations and
Institutions) Conference in Seoul, Korea, in August 2006:
Mr. Lo's research interests include: latest developments of
Metadata, Chinese authority works, and cataloguing among
Chinese libraries in Asia and North America; exploring
potentials for resources sharing among Chinese libraries in
Asia; future development and enhancement of bibliographic
records; users’ interaction with the online catalogue;
Western classical music, especially Italian operas, vocal
music of German Post-Romantic period, Lieder (German art
Award(s): Most Active Presenter Award of HKIUG (Hong Kong
Innovative Users Group) Annual Meeting in December 2006.
Recent Activity: serving as Reporter of Recent Serials
Publications in China of Fontes Artis Musicae Journal.
There are currently no reviews of this product.
Write a Review