Organization Justice and the Management of Change: A Case of Outplaced Employees in Kenyan Parastatal Organizations

By Hazel Gachoka Gachunga and Gidraph Wairire.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The paper focuses on how employees construct fairness judgments based on major decisions affecting them such as restructuring. The study reviewed the organizational justice theory in relation to trust and change and subsequent employee perceptions of processes that affect them. The study explores through the case study method the genesis of overstaffing of two main Kenyan State Corporations namely Kenya Railways and Telkom Kenya that have over a period of a few months , retrenched over ten thousand employees. The corporations are in the process of being privatized and have needed to retrench in order to allow the privatization process to succeed. The retrenchment programmes are part of the Structural Adjustment Programmes that are being put in place by the World Bank as a precondition for continued funding and aim to ensure effective and efficient service delivery as well as competitiveness in these corporations. However Kenya is plagued with financial problems that have led to employees feeling that distributive, procedural and interact ional justice was not effected in the change process.

Keywords: Organizational Justice, Downsizing, Restructuring, Change

The International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 7, Issue 12, pp.1-14. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 562.188KB).

Dr. Hazel Gachoka Gachunga

Lecturer, School of Human Resource Development, Jomo Kenyatta University of Technology, Nairobi, Kenya

I am holder of a Bachelors in Education, A Masters Degree in Human Resource Management and currently pursuing my Doctorate in Human Resource Management from Nairobi University. In addition I am a Human Resouce Consultant and Lecturer who is affiliated to the Jomo Kenyatta University and an associate member of The Kenya Institute of Management. I have been consulting , training and lecturing for these institutions for the last six years. I have been a technical consultant in the Company of the Year Award ,Evaluations that involves choosing companies with the best management practices in human resource, quality, marketing and ICT management amongst others.

Dr. Gidraph Wairire

Lecturer, Department of Social Work, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

I am Holder of Masters Degree in Social Work and a Doctorate in Social Work also. I have been working as a Lecturer and Counsellor in Social Work issues for the last thirteen years at the oldest university in Kenya known as Nairobi University. I have an interest in community participatory issues and have examined the effects of outplacement on employees and have counselled them intensely.I am also involved in monitoring and evaluation of community projects in Kenya and beyond.


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