Critical Issues in Supplier Selection in Internationalized Enterprises
The arising complexity of inter-firm relations is one of the most relevant phenomena introduced by the globalization process. Not the single enterprise but its vertical and horizontal groups, alliances, chains are the protagonists of the actual competition process and the leverages of competitive advantage. Such networks - made up of goods, services, information and corresponding cash flows exchange - now have an international strategic orientation. This complex context needs an appropriate decision making mechanism. So, the aim of this study is to connect strategic, cost and risk management perspectives, usually considered separately.
In this context the study puts in evidence, by a theoretic approach, these topics:
- supply chain development needs an international standpoint in supplier selection
- total cost of ownership approach is useful to make clear the distinction between lowest price supplier and lowest cost supplier and to compare different supplier costs
- activity based costing gives more correct cost measures and focalizes activities costs, so it measures the costs of the different activities required by different suppliers
- in the context of an evidently wider decision support mechanism, buyers may keep effective decisions about supplier selection and about internal or external supplier choice using the activity based costing approach integrated with the total cost of ownership perspective
- supplier selection and exchange rate risk management are related, as this risk can be managed using several approaches: diversification, financial hedging, operating hedging. Specifically this last approach implies choices of markets, plant location and pricing so that the selection of suppliers in an international context can be at the same time a risk management choice. Data for a set of Italian traded firms provides clear evidence about this interconnection
||Supply Chain Management, Internationalization, Activity Based Costing, Total Cost of Ownership, Exchange Rate Risk Management
International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp.67-78.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 824.392KB).
Researcher, Department of "Business Researches - Riccardo Argenziano", University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Graduated in Economics at the University of Pavia (Italy). Doctorate in “Business Administration” achieved at the “Bocconi University” of Milan (Italy). Current position researcher in “Business Administration”: main research interests in management accounting and control. Current teaching: “Business Administration”, “Budgeting” and “Cost Accounting” at the faculty of Economics of the University of Pavia.
Associate Professor, International Economy and Business Department, Nizhniy Novgorod State University, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russian Federation
Graduated from Faculty of Economics, Nizhniy Novgorod State University (RF) and Faculty of Economics, University of Calabria (Italy). Candidate of Science (Ph.D.) in National Economy: Industrial Firms Economics. Currently teaches International Economics, International Management, and International Operations Techiques.
Researcher, Department of "Business researches - Riccardo Argenziano", University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Graduated in Economics at the University of Pavia (Italy). Doctorate in “Financial Markets” achieved at the University of Bergamo (Italy). Current position researcher in “Corporate Finance”. Main research interests: risk management, markets microstructure, asset pricing. Current teaching: “International Finance”, “Risk Management” and “Economics and Techniques of Financial Markets” at the faculty of Economics of the University of Pavia.
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