Developing Motivation to become Leaders amongst Undergraduates in Institutions of Higher Learning

By Jamaliah Abdul-Hamid, Steven Eric Krauss and Ismi Arif Ismail.

Published by The Organization Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The management of academic and extracurricular programs to develop leadership skills amongst university students has become one of the top priorities in many universities since it is said that one of the core functions of universities is the development of future leaders (Astin & Astin, 2000; Zimmerman-Oster & Burkhardt,1999). While academic and extracurricular programs increasingly focus on the development of leadership awareness, character and skills, one of the missing links in the equation concerns the level of motivation to lead. This study reports on a study that involved 1860 undergraduate students in Malaysia in public and private institutions of higher learning (colleges and universities) on their motivation to lead, as well as university factors and personal factors affecting their level of motivation to lead. Based on the general findings of the study, literature review, and the authors’ experiences in training student leadership, an integrated model of a student leadership development program is then proposed. This paper also makes several recommendations based on the research findings to managers of higher learning institutions (HEI) pertaining student leadership training and development programs.

Keywords: Motivation to Lead, Leadership Training, Student Leadership

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp.157-170. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 721.058KB).

Dr. Jamaliah Abdul-Hamid

Associate Professor, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Jamaliah Abdul Hamid is an Associate Professor at the University Putra Malaysia. She teaches and researches in the area of Educational Administration and Leadership.

Dr. Steven Eric Krauss

Lecturer, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Steven Krauss @Abdul Lateef is a lecturer in the Faculty of Educational Studies in University Putra Malaysia. He teaches Leadership and Qualitative Research Methods.

Dr. Ismi Arif Ismail

Lecturer, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Ismi Arif Ismail, has dedicated himself in the area of continuing education and joined UPM in 2000. His significant and scholarly contributions and involvements in building the capacity of people in the community, especially in the field of continuing education, human resource development and leadership are highly acknowledged nationally and internationally. Dr. Ismi Arif Ismail completed his high school at Sekolah Menengah Sultan Abdul Halim, Jitra, Kedah. He obtained his honours degree in TESL from UKM in 1993. Due to his strong interest in continuing education, he decided to pursue his higher education in the area of extension education at the master’s levels. He was appointed as a lecturer with University Putra Malaysia in 2000. Since then, his contribution in teaching, research and services has been focused on continuing education covering the areas of extension education, youth development and leadership. Dr. Ismi Arif Ismail obtained his doctoral degree in 2005 in Continuing Education from the University of Warwick, UK. Currently he serves as the Advisor of the Human Resource Development Student Association at Department of Professional Development and Continuing Education, Faculty of Educational Studies. He has been involved in research and consultancy work, both nationally and internationally in the area of continuing education, extension education, human resource development and youth development. He has also been involved in advisory and community services both national and internationally.

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