The Perceptions of Organisational Politics and Work Performance: Exploring the Differences in Public and Private Sector

By Mahmood Ahmad Bodla and Rizwan Qaiser Danish.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Political behavior and the use of power affect almost every important decision in organizations. As public organizations are more closely attached to the political system, they operate in a less flexible, less responsive and less participatory organizational environment. This study provides an empirical assessment of the differences in public and private organizations in the relationship between perceptions of organizational politics (POP) and various work attitudes. 300 questionnaires were distributed among part time students of business courses of a large institute of business administration to gain the wide representation of industries. In all, 256 usable surveys were returned which represented both sectors. The results of the study showed that perceptions of organizational politics differ significantly for public and private sector employees. Specifically, employees in public sector perceived a high level of politics in their workplace and reported higher levels of stress, lower levels of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job involvement and higher levels of intention to quit than did private sector employees. These results are consistent with previous research but in a non western context. Implications of the findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Keywords: Perceptions of Organizational Politics, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, Job Involvement, Job Stress, Turnover Intentions, Work Performance, Sector, Public, Private

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp.123-132. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 615.421KB).

Dr. Mahmood Ahmad Bodla

Director, Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Sahiwal, Pakistan

Dr. Mahmood A. Bodla is currently working as the Director of COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Sahiwal, Pakistan. Earlier, he has served as Chairman, Department of Management Sciences at CIIT, a multi- campuses institute of higher learning in Pakistan. He started his academic career, 30 years ago, as the Chairman of Department of Business Administration at Bahauddin Zakaria University, Multan. Since then he has served various reputable national institutions such as the University of Lahore, National University of Science and Technology, Rawalpindi, and American Institute of Management Sciences, Lahore. He has earned MBA degree from Punjab University, Lahore, MS in Operations Research and Ph.D. in Econometrics from Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA. He has presented about 45 conference papers, case studies and research publications in the areas of econometrics, human resource management and change management. He has also got a considerable experience in management consultancy.

Rizwan Qaiser Danish

PhD Scholar, Department of Management Sciences, Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore, Pakistan

Mr. Rizwan Qaiser Danish is currently working in the Department of Management Sciences, Virtual University of Pakistan as Instructor in HRM. He did his MBA from Shah Abdul Latif University with distinction and MS from COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore. He served College of Management Sciences and Information Technology for three and half years in business management subjects. He attended different international conferences and seminars on management.

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