Contemporary Trends in Workplace and Employee Motivation for Sustainable Productivity in Cross River State Civil Service of Nigeria: Implication for Counselling

By Roseline E. Tawo, Arikpo B. Arikpo and Marcellinus U. Ojuah.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Working class adults spend over half of their life span in their workplace organisations. These organisations have found themselves having to cope with contemporary workplace trends such as; globalisation of the economy, mergers, privatisation, speedy advancement in information communication technology (ICT), environmental sustainability, aging workforce, and increasing wealth separation. Incidentally, both employers and their employees have stakes in the continued survival of their organisations, and hence should implement appropriate programmes for their organisational growth. It is postulated that, where contemporary workplace trends exist, employee motivational techniques and programmes adopted by the management have effects on employees’ perceptions of their continued productivity in their organisations. However, based on available literature reviewed, research on contemporary work place trends, and motivational techniques adopted by management to enhance workers productivity, has not been carried out in the Cross River State Civil Service. The main focus of this study was to:(1) Identify existing contemporary trends in the workplace for sustainable productivity and (2) describe the effects of motivational techniques adopted by government, if any, on workers’ productivity as perceived by employees in selected Ministries. The significance of the studies lies in its capacity to generate data for counselling management of employees’ on motivation for sustainable productivity in the state civil service. Two hundred (200) randomly selected civil servants were used for data collection. A survey design was adopted for the study. A 26 item questionnaire constructed on a four-point Likert-type scale was used for data collection. Simple percentages, independent t-test and a One-way Analysis of Variance statistics were used for data analysis. The result showed that about 76.5% of the participants agreed that contemporary workplace trends affect their productivity. Also over 80% of the participants agreed that they were poorly motivated and their productivity was affected in this circumstances. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that, government should involve the workers through their unions in deciding their priority needs, when preparing their motivational packages so as to enhance their productivity. Also, workers on their part should re-orientate themselves and take responsibility for managing their careers with support from their employers.

Keywords: Contemporary Trends, Workplace, Employee Motivation, Sustainable Productivity, Counselling

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp.17-30. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 615.052KB).

Dr. Roseline E. Tawo

Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar,Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Holder of a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) Degree in Elementary Education, Masters of Education (M.Ed) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph D) Degrees in Guidance and Counselling from University of Calabar, Calabar where I am now teaching Guidance and Counselling, Adult Psychology, Women Education courses and other related courses. She is a trained Home Economist. I taught for 12 years in a number of Secondary Schools in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria. Worked for 5 years as a Research Officer and served as the Head of the Department of Research and Statistics in the Local Government Education Authority, Calabar. Functioned as the Coordinator of the B.Ed Adult Education Consultancy Programme. A Course Adviser, teach and supervise student’s projects work. Served as an Examination Officer and the Industrial Attachment Coordinator. I am a member of several Professional Associations, which among them include: The Counselling Association of Nigeria, The Nigerian Society of Educational Psychologist, World Council of Curriculum and Instruction, Nigerian National Council for Adult Education, National Association for Women Academics among others. Has attended several conferences and published papers in many Professional Journals both internationally and locally. Have articles in books and also a co-author of a book on psychology. I have skills in sewing, knitting, crocheting, bead making and other crafts. I am married. I am an honest, hardworking, dedicated lady who maintain standard in all I do.

Prof. Arikpo B. Arikpo

Senior Lecturer, Departmentof Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr Arikpo B. Arikpo, a Nigerian with University education obtained from Nebraska University system, USA (1975-1984). Has been a lecturer in the Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria since 1986 till date. Other positions held were; Director Government Agency for Adult and Non-Formal Education; Coordinator University of Calabar Distance and Extra- Mural Studies Programmes and Head, Department of Adult and Continuing Education. A member of many academic and service organisations and a recipient of many honors and awards from Nigeria and USA. My hobbies are farming, current affairs and adult empowerment programmes development. Married with children.

Dr. Marcellinus U. Ojuah

Senior Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Holds a Ph.D in Adult Education from University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Currently a senior lecturer at University of Calabar. Belongs to three learned societies (NNCAE, CAETA, MNAEP) Involved in CBO/NGO activities.


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