Culture as Knowledge

By Nhu T. B. Nguyen, Katsuhiro Umemoto, Yoshiteru Nakamori and Yasunobu Ito.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

For the past century, culture has been defined as knowledge shared by a group from the anthropological perspective. Recently, some researchers also perceived culture as knowledge in studying cross-cultural management from knowledge management perspective. The purpose of this paper is to explain this perception by discussing a number of cross-cultural perspectives in the literature providing the foundations for formulating the hypothesis that culture can be considered as knowledge. Then some concepts of knowledge are discussed in a way that matches the analysis of cross-cultural perspectives as knowledge. This paper contributes to Knowledge Management literature a new look at knowledge, which is always a competitive advantage for organizations, especially with increasing globalization.

Keywords: Cross-Cultural Perspectives, Knowledge

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 8, Issue 9, pp.109-118. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 536.717KB).

Nhu T. B. Nguyen

PhD Candidate, Social Systems Laboratory, School of Knowledge Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Nomi-City, Japan

Nhu T. B. Nguyen is currently a doctoral student at Graduate School of Knowledge Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Japan. She received a bachelor degree in international trade from Hanoi Foreign Trade University, Vietnam (2001) and master degree in international trade law from Francois Rabelais de Tours, France (2005). She has been working for a French maritime company (CMA CGM) in Vietnam for more than fours years (2002-2006). Her research interests include cross-cultural management, knowledge management, cross-cultural knowledge, organizational culture perspectives including Fragmentation, Integration, and Differentiation perspective.

Katsuhiro Umemoto

Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan

Katsuhiro Umemoto is a Professor in the Graduate School of Knowledge Science of Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Japan. Katsuhiro Umemoto graduated from Kyushu University in 1975 with BA in Economics. He has worked as research associate for Ikujiro Nonaka at Hitotsubashi University and obtained his doctoral degree in public policy from George Washington University in 1997. His current research interests include knowledge management in non-business sectors such as public administration, health care, social welfare, NPOs, etc. He was a member of the project for the Knowledge-Creating Company that initiated the knowledge management movement and has translated the book into Japanese. He has also translated Davenport and Prusak’s Working Knowledge and Nancy Dixon’s Common Knowledge, worldwide bestsellers in the field of knowledge management.

Prof. Yoshiteru Nakamori

Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan

Yoshiteru Nakamori received Ph.D. degree in applied mathematics and physics from Kyoto University in 1980. He joined Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology in April 1998 as a Professor of School of Knowledge Science. His fields of research interest cover modeling and simulation for large-scale complex systems, especially for environmental policy-making support, and systems methodology based on Japanese intellectual tradition. Since November 2003, he has been the president of the International Society for Knowledge and Systems Sciences.

Dr. Yasunobu Ito

Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan

Yasunobu Ito, a cultural anthropologist, is an Associate Professor in the School of Knowledge Science of the Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), where he teaches qualitative research and anthropological/sociological theory since April 2005. His most recent book, An anthropology of knowledge of an indigenous people: A New Zealand Maori knowledge and society ethnography (Kyoto, Sekaishisosya Press), was selected for The Japanese Society for Oceanic Studies prize in 2008. His research interests lie in Anthropological study of the knowledge of indigenous people and currently include a comparative research on the generation and creation of scientific knowledge at biotechnology laboratries in universities in Japan (with the collaboration of reseachers in the School of Material Science of JAIST). He holds a Ph.D. degree in Cultural Anthropology from Kyushu University.

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