Students’ Perception of Their School Culture: Implications for School Management

By Amla Salleh, Mohammed Sani Ibrahim and Rusni Mohd. Nor.

Published by The Organization Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The report presents a study on Malaysian school culture. A total of 557 students were selected randomly from 20 selected schools in a state of Negeri Sembilan in Malaysia. Two main objectives of the study were to measure the students’ perception of school cultural elements particular to their schools, and to examine relationship between these elements and students’ academic achievements. Data were collected via questionnaires that were distributed to the selected students. Students were asked to rate the strength of eight school cultural factors i) leadership transformation, ii) teacher efficacy, iii) teacher expectation, iv) the student-teacher relationship, v) evaluation, vi) goal sharing, vii) emphasis on learning, and viii) safety and orderliness. Mean scores of cultural factors were compared to assess the strength of each of them, and Pearson r was calculated to measure the relationship between cultural factors and students’ academic achievements. The analysis indicated that subjects rated their school culture as moderately strong on all the factors except for goal sharing factor, and there is a positive correlation between cultural factors and academic achievement. When academic achievement variable was controlled high achievers rated the cultural factors higher than did the low achievers. The paper concludes that understanding students’ perception of their school culture might offer possible insight on how students response to their learning environment, which has also implications for improving teaching and learning strategies.

Keywords: Cultural Factor, Academic Achievement, Teaching and Learning, Students’ Perception

International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, Volume 8, Issue 11, pp.117-126. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 597.571KB).

Prof. Amla Salleh

Professor, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

Amla Salleh is a professor at Faculty of Education Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia. Her specialization is in Counselor Education and Training and her interest includes student development and learning.

Dr. Mohammed Sani Ibrahim

Lecturer, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

Dr Mohammed Sani Ibrahim is currently a lecturer and Head of Department of Educational Planning, Administration and Policy Analysis, Faculty of Education, National University of Malaysia. He obtained numerous certificates and diplomas from local and overseas’ institutions. Among them are Advanced Diploma in Education from the University of London(1977), MInstAM(Dip)-Diploma in Administrative Management from the Institute of Administrative Management, Kent, United Kingdom(1980), Diploma in Effective Speaking and Human Relations from the Institute of Successful Leadership (USA)(1982), Diploma in Design and Development of Training Programs from The International Training Institute, Mosman, Sydney, Australia (1984), Advanced Consultancy Skills from the University of London (1992), Educational Policy Analysis from the University of Harvard, Cambridge,Boston, USA(1994). He obtained his Ph.D. from the National University of Malaysia. He has wide experience as a teacher, deputy principal of a secondary school, lecturer and head of department at various teacher training colleges, Assistant Director and later Principal Assistant Director at the Teacher Education Division, Ministry of Education,Malaysia. He was a principal of the Mohd Khalid Teachers’ College for the period 1986-1988. He has launched many prominent programs for teachers in Malaysia. He has presented the Government of Malaysia for several times at the international conferences organized by ASEAN, APEID, and UNESCO and had conducted numerous researches at the local, regional and international levels on educational planning, educational administration, and teacher education. He had written more than 800 papers of which many had been published in journals and monographs at the national and international levels. His areas of specializations and interest are educational planning, educational administration, educational policy analysis, teacher education(pre-service, in-service and continuing professional development programs), sociology of education, technical and vocational education, music education, human relations and many others.

Rusni Mohd. Nor

Education Officer, Ministry of Education, Malaysia, Malaysia

Dr. Rusni Mohd. Nor is currently an officer at the Ministry of Education, Malaysia. She has wide experinece as teacher and school administrator, and obtained her Ph.D from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in School administration.


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